perceptions

The Eye of the Beholder: the Finns, Finland and Paris, 1870-1940


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 47-66
No. of Pages: 20
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Images and perceptions are a constant problem for the researcher in the History of International Relations. None in the fields of humanities would nowadays write that the relations between states are explainable without references to those troublesome “mental forces”. In the case of the relation between a small national community and a great power, the role of images and representations can be overwhelming. This article explores one of this cases.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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History-War of Comrades: The Hungarian-Romanian Polemics in the 1960-80s


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 79-98
No. of Pages: 20
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: History-politics constitute a wide research tradition that investigates the presence of history in contemporary society on different levels. It is an awareness of how history emerges in politics or in public discourse in the forms of taboos, myths, interpretations or argumentations referring to the past. The understanding of the past is inevitably influenced by the perceptions of contemporary society; hence, the image of the past is changing constantly with the circumstances and necessities of the present in any period of time. It is a social construction that manifests a deeply political relation between the past and present because the contact of different time-dimensions involves always interpretation, argumentation, manipulation and rhetoric. In this article, we shall concentrate on the aspects of this wide phenomenon including public discussions that aim, at one hand, to come to terms with the traumatic past, and to use the past for present political purposes. The ‘burden’ of the past can be seen indeed very concretely still today in the never-ending dispute over central concepts of the common past of Hungary and Romania.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Raoul V. Bossy, Mărturii finlandeze şi alte scrieri nordice despre români, ed. Silviu Miloiu (Târgovişte: Valahia University Press, 2008)


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 101-103
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This book represents a new version of Raoul Bossy’s pioneering work Finnish testimonies about the Romanians published in 1937, to which two other testimonies are added. The book is structured in 159 pages, where one finds aspects of the Romanian history and society of the 19th century, written by Finnish officers who had taken part within the Russian army in innumerable wars against the Ottoman Empire, many of them carried on the Romanian territory.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Romania’s peace feelers (March 1943 – April 1944): views from Helsinki


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 97-110
No. of Pages: 14
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This paper analyzes the Finnish diplomacy and media have perceived Romania’s attempts to extricate herself from the war on Nazi Germany’s side. The significance of such a research rests with the fact that, as Romania, Finland also envisaged a way to withdraw from war and any Romanian step taken to that effect, as the paper demonstrates, was attentively monitored by Finnish decision-makers. Moreover, according to an agreement the two countries had concluded back in July 1941, they exchanged information about sensitive issues regarding their foreign and security policies and therefore the quality of knowledge of each other’s intentions was valuable. Sometimes, information affecting the most important interests of the other country could be exchanged, as this paper describes.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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New explanations for Romania’s detachment from Moscow at the beginning of the 1960s


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 51-82
No. of Pages: 32
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: During the first years of the 1960s Romania defined its so-called independent foreign policy doctrine. Although the causes and motives of its ‘deviation’ from Moscow’s line have been largely studied, the findings of the previous research seem questionable in the light of the data offered by the new archive documents. While the previous studies used exclusively an objectivist approach and focused on the actors’ motives and the external pressures to explain the ‘deviation’, the newly available archive documents suggest that the decision was heavily influenced by the way the Romanian decision-makers perceived the external environment and identified threats. The paper is structured in two major parts. The first one presents in short the scholarship in this filed and reveals its methodological problems: the objectivist approach and the misuse of the archive sources. The second one, on the basis on the new archive documents and using a perceptual approach, presents some new explanations for the Romanian detachment. In analyzing the leaders’ perceptions, I use the so-called representational model, which assumes that inferences may be drawn directly from the subject’s statements. I focus on one attribute: perceptions of the Soviet Union’s aggressive intentions/threats against Romania. I conclude that at the beginning of the 1960s the Soviet Union was perceived in Bucharest as a direct and imminent threat to the Romanian state and, to some extent, to the communist ideology. These perceptions are highly responsible for the adoption of the so-called ‘Romanian independent foreign policy doctrine’ developed in the 1960s. The study brings into attentions the relevance the ideology (perceptions, ideas, beliefs, norms) had in the decision-making process during the Cold War. It also reveals the need for further research on the role of the Romanian communist leaders’ perceptions of the ‘others’ in adopting one decision or another.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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R.P Grishina, A.L. Shemyakin (rédacteurs en chef), Chelovek na Balkanah glazami russkih/L’homme des Balkans à travers les yeux des Russes


Language: French
Subject(s): Review
Page Range: 223-225
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The volume consists of 16 studies approaching the Russian views of the Balkans during the modernization process.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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