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Feminism Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

Feminism

The Scottish Women’s Hospitals in Romania during World War I


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 53-68
No. of Pages: 16
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The following article is an illustration of the interesting venture of the medical women from the Scottish Women’s Hospitals organization in Dobruja, Wallachia and Bessarabia during World War I. More precisely, a unit of this organization under the leadership of Dr. Elsie Inglis has traveled to the Russian Empire and then to Romania in their purpose to provide medical assistance for the Ist Serbian Volunteer Division. In 1916 this division was fighting in Dobruja on the orders of the Russian War Minister. As we will see, because of the difficulties created by the retreat from Dobruja, these brave Scottish women would be reunited with their protégés, the Serbian volunteers from the Russian army, only in a year’s time. The circumstances of this reunion (the Bolshevik Revolution and its consequences for the Great War) would hasten the departure of Dr. Elsie Inglis’s medical unit. As her last act of compassion for the Serbs, it seems likely that Dr. Inglis used her influence on the Royal Navy to also allow the transfer of the Ist Serbian Volunteer Division to the Macedonian front. In my research I have used press and journals from the beginning of the 20th century as well as recent academic books and articles.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Women Shaping the Romanian Society in the 19th and 20th Centuries: Emancipation, Social Activism and the Struggle for Political Rights


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 65-77
No. of Pages: 12
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Women’s struggle for civil and political rights was, by far, one of the most difficult actions in the history of the feminist movements, because the claim for these rights was considered by the majority of the male population a great immoderacy. The main purpose of this paper is to analyse some aspects of the Romanian women’s struggle for the acquirement of civil and political rights, more exactly of the right to vote and to identify some distinct features of the feminist movement in Romania regarding the struggle for electoral rights.
In Romania, the idea of attainment of civil and political rights by women became a public matter in the second half of the XIXth century, closely related to the democratization process. The implication of the Romanian women in some new aspects of the social and political life, at the end of the XIXth century and in the early XXth century, contributed both to the evolution of their political representation and to the making of some specific themes better known at a larger scale. Their actions changed the face of Romanian politics in the early XXth century and contributed to increasing the people’s interest for the political matters in Romania, which is, probably – along with their emancipation and acquirement of political rights – their most important victory.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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