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Mihaela Ivănescu, Author at Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

Mihaela Ivănescu

Do Eastern Europeans Still Believe in the European Union? An Analysis of People’s Trust in European Institutions in Romania


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 97-117
No. of Pages: 21
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Most of the Eurobarometers since before the European Union enlargement from 2004 and 2007 indicated increased values of trust in the European institutions from the citizens of the 12 countries that prepared themselves for the admission at that time. The transition from the communist regimes to democracy proved to be a difficult process in many of the Eastern Europe countries, a process that not only put pressure on those countries’ social and economic reforms, but also changed the perception of their citizens towards the European institutions and politics. Romania is one of the Eastern European countries where the “attraction” for all that is “European” was, for years, an intense attitude. Romanians were, before the admission in the EU, very confident in the European project and had, most of them, a positive attitude towards their country’s integration in the EU. One of the reasons that were used most frequently was the hope that the EU institutions would succeed in implementing the politics and the reforms that the national institutions failed to, in order to gain the so much desired statute of stable and consolidated democracy. A few years after the admission in the “European family”, Romanians display an increased trust in the European values and principles, but most of all, in the European institutions. Our paper will try to analyze the possible grounds for this trust and interest in – to use a general term – “Europe”, by relating to two types of variables: on the one hand, the impact of the European institutions in the Romanian society and the citizens’ perceptions about it and, on the other hand, the instability of the Romanian political and economic system.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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Women Shaping the Romanian Society in the 19th and 20th Centuries: Emancipation, Social Activism and the Struggle for Political Rights


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 65-77
No. of Pages: 12
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Women’s struggle for civil and political rights was, by far, one of the most difficult actions in the history of the feminist movements, because the claim for these rights was considered by the majority of the male population a great immoderacy. The main purpose of this paper is to analyse some aspects of the Romanian women’s struggle for the acquirement of civil and political rights, more exactly of the right to vote and to identify some distinct features of the feminist movement in Romania regarding the struggle for electoral rights.
In Romania, the idea of attainment of civil and political rights by women became a public matter in the second half of the XIXth century, closely related to the democratization process. The implication of the Romanian women in some new aspects of the social and political life, at the end of the XIXth century and in the early XXth century, contributed both to the evolution of their political representation and to the making of some specific themes better known at a larger scale. Their actions changed the face of Romanian politics in the early XXth century and contributed to increasing the people’s interest for the political matters in Romania, which is, probably – along with their emancipation and acquirement of political rights – their most important victory.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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