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Zionism Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies
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Zionism

The Jewish emigration from Romania in the context of Israel’s creation


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 119-136
No. of Pages: 18
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The topic of Jewish emigration from Romania is intensely debated among historians. The way the Romanian communist leaders have understood and responded to the requests of facilitating the emigrations made by Israel, the reasons for which the Zionists were able to act despite the measures taken by the Romanian Communist (Workers) Party and the issue of Romanian Jews „repatriated from Israel ” are topics which will be examined in this study. The paper presents the activity of the Zionist movement from Romania, the policy of the Romanian Workers (Communist) Party and of the Hebrew Democratic Committee towards the Zionist movement and the emigration of the Jews until 1948 and after the proclamation of the state of Israel.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Reflecting the Zionist trends in the life of the Jewish communities from southern Bessarabia and the Lower Danube


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 67-89
No. of Pages: 23
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Being a political movement, modern Zionism could not pretend a monolithic unity from its followers. Besides some unanimously accepted principles – the return of the Jews to Palestine and to Judaism, the incompatibility between Zionism with the Diaspora assimilationism and the international socialism (communism or bolshevism) – anything else was allowed. Consequently, extremely various Zionist trends were born, from those situated at the left side of the political range to those situated at the extreme right; from the laic trends to the cultural and religious ones. During the interwar period, all these trends organized themselves as political parties and decisively influenced the life of the Jewish communities both in Palestine and the Diaspora (including the Great Romania). Our study aims at placing under scrutiny precisely this influence of the Zionist political trends upon the area around the mouths of the Danube and identifying the potential differences between the counties in the Old Kingdom and those in southern Bessarabia.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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