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Turkey Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies
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Turkey

The Straits’ Question in the aftermath of the Second World War


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 33-40
No. of Pages: 8
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The Black Sea’ Straits have been for a long time one of the most important strategic places at the confluence between Asia Minor and Europe. This paper deals with Soviet demands to dominate the Straits in the aftermath of the Second World War and with the Turkish and Western Allies’ response to this project. The USSR embarked not only upon pretending the revision of the Montreux Convention but, even more threatening, advanced territorial pretensions against Turkey. This perhaps contributed significantly to the outbreak of the Cold War.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Un Camino Inacabado: Turquia y su Aproximacion a Europa


Language: Spanish
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Page Range: 41-65
No. of Pages: 24
Keywords: , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Ever since the Republic of Turkey was created, the attempts of this country to consolidate as the great power of its zone have been constant. Turkey, because of her geographical position, assumed a significant strategic value. The fall of the Berlin Wall had important consequences upon the international role that Turkey was playing in her area. On one hand, the creation of a series of new Balkan states turned Turkey into the key state to support the stability and the balance in both the Middle East and Europe. Secondly, there emerged a series of the new states from the extinct Soviet Union. For these, many of them of Turkoman origin, Turkey constituted a model to be imitated in the transition towards democracy and, especially, represented a big commercial associate and an economic actor of the first magnitude in their need for communication with the Mediterranean. The opening of the negotiations with the EU, which seemed to have opened Turkey the doors of Europe, crowned all these achievements. Nevertheless, gradually the religion will assume a bigger and bigger role in the Turkish politics and society. The logical culmination of the opening of the negotiations, i.e. the integration of Turkey as an EU member-state, is going to depend more than of Turkey, of the EU capacity to maintain a common policy.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The Turkish perception on the Black Sea Region: A Historical Analysis


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 67-83
No. of Pages: 16
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Turkey has been playing her “strategic location” card starting with the Cold War years after the Second World War. Over 50 years of time, Turkey has emphasized the importance of her role as a buffer zone between the Communist world and the “free” world. However, the end of the Cold War forced the country to change her policies towards the neighbors and the regional developments due to not only the enlargement policies of NATO but also the European Union. Here in this paper, the aim is to analyze the process that the Turkish foreign policy has gone through starting from the end of the Second World War up to the 21st century. The first part of the paper concentrates on the years after the Second World War up to the collapse of the Berlin Wall, then the paper is dealing with the developments after the 1990 including the establishment of the BSEC and other international organizations, process that took place between 1990 and 2000. After the attacks on September 11, 2001 the attention given to the region has increased dramatically due to the increased rhetoric on the new security threats and the realization of the interconnectedness between the global security and regional security. Therefore the paper is focusing on the period after the 2000 up to the year 2007 in a separate section with a special emphasis on the EU enlargement and the accession of Turkey. Besides, both the bilateral and the multilateral agreements in the region had the aim of integrating the regional countries to the “European” and “western” systems, either be they the EU or the NATO. Turkey has not been an exception in this equation, meaning that Turkey’s policies towards the regional countries aimed at approximating and integrating, in the long run, the region to the EU mainly and in return played the strategic location card again as she did in the Cold War years. Therefore, the paper will conclude with a section focusing on the intertwined relations between Turkey’s adventure to become an EU member state and her policies towards the Black Sea Region.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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