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the United States Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

the United States

The Soviet – American Clash over the Turkish Straits: the August 1946 Crisis


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 85-95
No. of Pages: 11
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: What happened in foreign relations of Turkey, at the end of the World War II is, without no doubt, one of the causes for the ex–Allies ideological conflict, later known as Cold War. My paper is focused on one important moment: the Soviet Note of August 7, 1946, regarding the Montreux Convention. There are highlighted different points of view, from the United States and Soviet Union, referring to this crisis. I try to demonstrate that, also, the 1946 crisis cannot be detached from what happened in 1945, in connection with Turkey and with the whole Balkans, where Soviet political and military power imposed its will. That event (the Strait Crisis) – often treated in a brief manner by the historians – has a double meaning: on one hand, Soviet Union failed to achieve its goals in the Straits; on the other hand, United States adopted a firmer stance into the direction of supporting Turkey, even taking into account the possibility of using force.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Between East and West: Poland, 1980-1981


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 105-132
No. of Pages: 28
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The Second World War geopolitically divided the European continent into a democratic and free Western Europe and an oppressed and ideologically controlled Eastern Europe. The events of 1980-1981 have positioned Poland between East and West, considering the unfolding of the events (not a free protest, but not an immediate violent repression either), the emergence of an organized civil society based on the alliance between intellectuals, workers, and the church (far from the meaning of Western Europe, but unlike the homogenous, controlled society of Eastern Socialism), or the outcome (not a democratic regime, but not a Communist one-party system either).
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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