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the Cold War Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

the Cold War

Reshaping foreign policy. Romania and Finland’s cases in the context of the CSCE’s opening. A comparative analysis


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 57-74
No. of Pages: 18
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: In the 1960s the West-East relations entered on the road of relaxation and détente. This is the context that permitted the organizing and opening of the CSCE. This is also the context that witnessed the foreign policy reorientation in Finland and Romania, later in Finland, earlier in Romania. Finland’s attitude towards the idea of opening a European security conference changed in time, while Romania had a clear position in supporting the CSCE quite from the beginning. This paper will summarize, comparatively, Romania and Finland’s doctrines of foreign policy for the period 1964-1973, interested in identifying and analyzing the foreign policy doctrines of Romania and Finland in the context of the CSCE preparation, the main question of the study being “what is the relations between Romania and Finland’s foreign policy doctrines and the opening of the CSCE”.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Finland in the World History of Intelligence and Espionage


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 87-98
No. of Pages: 10
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This article approaches the role of Finland in the fascinating world of espionage and intelligence of the 20th century. The importance of this country as a “black market” of intelligence during the inter-war period, the World War II and the Cold War is investigated in the light of the published literature and archival documents. During the Cold War, Finland exceeded her overall international importance in regard to intelligence and espionage, famous world secret services being very active in this country, such as the KGB, CIA, STASI, to quote only a few. Gradually, Finland is coming to terms with this concealed part of her history.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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