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security Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

security

In the Dawn of World War II: The Romanian Army at the Time of the Anschluss. New Archival Insights into the Romanian Military Preparations


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 9-16
No. of Pages: 8
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: In the second half of the 1930s, Romania was confronted with a complete failure of its security policy, traditionally aimed at preserving the territorial structure of Greater Romania, as it emerged from World War I. The inefficiency of the League of Nations combined with the absence of a strong support from the Western powers made way for Germany’s expansionist policy towards its neighbors. The Anschluss of 1938 was, for Romania, another proof of this failure and a warning for the war to come. This study focuses on Romania’s reaction to the Anschluss at military level and reveals the unprepared state of the Army for a possible confrontation with the revisionist forces in Europe.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The art of compromise in diplomacy. A case study: the talks between Ceauşescu and Brezhnev during the Warsaw Treaty Organization Political Committee


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 99-111
No. of Pages: 13
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: By the beginning of the 1960s, Romania gradually left the homogeneous camp of socialist countries and, as a consequence, the country would be isolated to some extent from the ‘fraternal’ countries. Therefore, Romania had to consolidate its relations with the Western states. On the other hand, Soviet Union would permanently seek and use all possible means to bring Romania back under obedience. It is here where our articles aims at challenging some assumptions and provide some fresh explanations on the Soviet-Romanian relations. While being beyond the aims of this article to provide a complete analysis of such a complex phenomenon, it however intends to reveal some new, interesting elements, indispensable to the analysis, and to raise some questions that need further research.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The Romanian-Hungarian bilateral relations during the long year 1968


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 51-72
No. of Pages: 22
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: During the communist period, the relations between Romania and Hungary have been influenced or determined by their particular role within the communist East-European system, especially by their relations with the USSR. The main characteristic of these relations is their continuous evolution under the influence of the international context, on the one hand, and under the influence of their traditional problems, on the other hand. The year 1968 was a special moment in the Romanian-Hungarian relations, especially political relations. Different events, starting with the Meeting in Budapest and finishing with the Czech events, showed that the political relations between Hungary and Romania were becoming tenser. Despite this, the two parts tried to continue and develop the bilateral economic and cultural relations between them. But the influence of the politics over these aspects was very deep and often the political disagreements stopped any progresses. This article aims to detail the complex picture offered by this issue and to present the main characteristics of the Romanian-Hungarian bilateral relations during the year 1968, the main disputes, old or new, between the two socialist countries in their bilateral relations, their main problems of disagreement and the way in which the negotiations were held. Its purpose is not to repeat the well known positions of Romania and Hungary about the political events of the year 1968, but to connect these events and their consequences to the bilateral Romanian-Hungarian relations, judging the facts in the light offered by some new Romanian archive materials.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Review: Thomas Weihe (ed.),The Black Sea between the EU and Russia. Security, energy, democracy, Odessa, Hamburg Körber-Stiftung 2007


Language: English
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Page Range: 115-117
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The 134th Bergedorf Round Table gathered in Odessa in June 23-25, 2006 and debated the topic of the dimensions of relation between Russia and the European Union in the Black Sea region. This book is the result of this conference and includes the edited and authorized version of participants’ contributions. The importance of the book consists in two main elements. On the one hand is the special significance of this theme, the Black Sea region between the EU and Russia, with its implication in security, energy and democracy fields. On the other hand is the quality of the contributors and contributions.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Federick Doeser, In search of security after the collapse of the Soviet Union Foreign policy change in Denmark, Finland and Sweden, 1988-1993


Language: English
Subject(s): Cultural history
Page Range: 107-109
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , ,
Summary/Abstract: The present work is Frederik Doeser’s academic dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science at Stockholm University, publicly defended in June 2008. The purpose of the study, as the author affirms in the introduction, was to explain the evolution of the foreign policy of Denmark, Finland and Sweden with regard to western security cooperation between 1988 and 1993. The study analyzes the foreign policy change in these three states at the end of the Cold War with regard to the ongoing security cooperation within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Western European Union and to the proposal for security cooperation within the European Community and the emerging European Union.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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