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POWs Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

POWs

Victor Cădere – Head of the Military Mission in Siberia (1919-1921)


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 69-78
No. of Pages: 10
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: At the end of the First World War, there was a large number of issues that required immediate solutions, one of the most urgent being the issue of the former war prisoners’ repatriation. The Romanian State, just like the other states, had to solve its problems in due time. The true problems, though, were generated by the absence of Russia from the Paris Peace Conference. As the Russian territory was facing rather confusing circumstances due to the Civil War, finding solutions to repatriate Romanian prisoners and volunteers became mandatory. The Romanian State commissioned Victor Cădere whose Mission was to repatriate all Romanian subjects from Siberia. A young officer, Raoul Alevra, was also commissioned to assist Victor Cadere in his assignments. The repatriation of Romanian volunteers who fought on the Allied forces’ side on Russian land was planned at the Peace Conference; the plan provided that the volunteers were to board British ships. Not so fortunate was the prisoners’ fate which was exclusively in the hands of the Romanian State. Hence, the Romanian Military Mission set up a concentration unit, near Vladivostok, where all prisoners, citizens of United Romania, were admitted to be repatriated later. Within the base, the prisoners had a well scheduled programme, e.g. military drill, Romanian language classes, literacy, whereas officers attended conference on various themes such as agronomy, commerce, economics, and politics. The Mission operated until May 1921 and by that time some 5,000 people were repatriated.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The Baltic escape from hell. The Nansen office and the Romanian POWs (1919-1921)


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 65-82
No. of Pages: 18
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This paper investigates the role of the Nansen office in the hugely difficult task of repatriating the POWs from a Russia marred by the immense destructions caused by the Great War, the Civil War and the Bolshevik regime. The article focuses on the safeguarding of the life of at least 18,000 Romanians by the Nansen office, especially through the Baltic Sea “avenue”. The wavering relations between the Nansen office and the Romanian Government that has refused to allow the opening of a new salvation route for the POWs through the Danube and has postponed for long the application for funds thus creating big troubles to the former is also approached. The article concludes that the survivors of this ordeal may have been taught the best lessen about multi-ethnicity, tolerance, compassion and humanitarianism.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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