nationalism

Katalin Miklossy, Manouvres of National Interest-Internationalism and nationalism in the emerging Kadarist criticism of Romania,1968-1972


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 81-83
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: Katalin Miklossy is a researcher at the University of Helsinki since 1998. Her field of research is the contemporary political history of East-Central Europe. Conceived as a doctoral thesis, her work is a confessed analysis of the phenomenon called by the 1990s media ‘the new nationalism’, a typical phenomenon for the post communist countries. Nationalism and the ‘present ethnic conflict’, Katalin Miklossy acknowledges, cannot be understood without the identification of the roots of this phenomenon, which, in her opinion, appeared in the middle of the socialist era on the basis laid by Romanian and Hungarian political leaders. The book is also an attempt to describe and analyze the impact of the Hungarians’ anti-Romanian attitude on the bilateral relations.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Introduction


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 5-7
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Two concepts have been brought forth and approached from different perspectives and angles in this issue of Valahian Journal of Historical Studies: Eastern Europe and the frontier. Throughout its history, the area known during the Cold War under the name of Eastern Europe has been indeed a frontier area, a peripheral region of confluence between Europe, European Russia, the Middle East and Northern Africa. Known as Central Europe, East-Central Europe, in-between Europe , the designation of the region changed following the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact and the imposition of the Soviet yoke to Eastern Europe. Moreover, the perceptions of the political geographers, historians, journalists, politicians in Western Europe and the United States depicted a region totally subjugated to Soviet Union with no will or possibility to pursue even a limited national program beyond the strict limits Moscow was imposing to this region.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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Anssi Kullberg, Christian Jokinen, Separatismi ja islamismi. Kansallismieliset ja islamistiset liikkeet Euraasian Konflikteissa


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 137-139
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: Already for many years Anssi Kullberg and Christian Jokinen have specialized on political Islam and its relationship with the surrounding environment of ideas and cultures. Both of them have extensively studied within the region and have followed the ongoing debates and the progress of the political ideas around the area. They have published the outcome of their research both in journals (especially in the Eurasian Politician, but also, to take Kullberg’s example, in the first two issues of this journal) and in mass-media (for instance, in the Finnish popular newspapers Turun Sanomat), giving a large publicity to their findings. Joining the Finnish Foreign Ministry in 2004, Kullberg was able to further his knowledge of Islam by being accredited in the Middle East, whereas Jokinen acquired an invaluable ground-knowledge as a member of the Finnish peace-keeping force in Afghanistan.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Un Camino Inacabado: Turquia y su Aproximacion a Europa


Language: Spanish
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Page Range: 41-65
No. of Pages: 24
Keywords: , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Ever since the Republic of Turkey was created, the attempts of this country to consolidate as the great power of its zone have been constant. Turkey, because of her geographical position, assumed a significant strategic value. The fall of the Berlin Wall had important consequences upon the international role that Turkey was playing in her area. On one hand, the creation of a series of new Balkan states turned Turkey into the key state to support the stability and the balance in both the Middle East and Europe. Secondly, there emerged a series of the new states from the extinct Soviet Union. For these, many of them of Turkoman origin, Turkey constituted a model to be imitated in the transition towards democracy and, especially, represented a big commercial associate and an economic actor of the first magnitude in their need for communication with the Mediterranean. The opening of the negotiations with the EU, which seemed to have opened Turkey the doors of Europe, crowned all these achievements. Nevertheless, gradually the religion will assume a bigger and bigger role in the Turkish politics and society. The logical culmination of the opening of the negotiations, i.e. the integration of Turkey as an EU member-state, is going to depend more than of Turkey, of the EU capacity to maintain a common policy.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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National Controversies beneath Stalinist Uniformity. The Issue of Transylvania in the Romanian-Hungarian Communist Debates


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 53-66
No. of Pages: 14
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The following document will describe relevant aspects regarding the relations among “peoples’ democracies” during the Stalinist period (1948-1953). Although their degree of autonomy was severely reduced due to Soviet pressures, certain enmities did persist, in spite of the so-called “uniformity”. The traditional Romanian-Hungarian conflict over Transylvania resurfaced after 1947. The Communist regimes in power continued the rivalry over this territory, bringing new arguments which were in accordance with the political environment. The Hungarians used internationalist arguments in order to justify their interest in the situation of the Hungarian minority in Romania. On the other hand, the Romanian communists used the anti-cosmopolitan rhetoric of the time in order to reject any interference from Budapest.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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