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minorities Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies
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minorities

The 1937 Elections in Bucovina


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 35-50
No. of Pages: 16
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: In December 1937 the last democratic elections were held in Romania, only to be followed by more than half a decade of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes. The elections recorded an important distinctiveness in a country where the governmental party has always managed to win majorities as defined by the 1926 electoral law the Liberal Party failed to gain the needed 40% of votes, while the biggest gains were made by the extreme right Legionnaire Movement. This study analyses the response of the electorate from the Bucovina province to the challenges of the Romanian society, i.e. the advance of the extreme rightwing parties and the worsening of the European political crisis. The article approaches the local and provincial elections, the general and particular trends, the special characteristics in the province’s cosmopolitan north. The electorate of Cernăuţi and Storojineţ was studied in terms of voting behavior of the minorities, e.g. the Ukrainians, Germans and Jews.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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A promising start of interwar Bulgarian-Romanian relations during the government Aleksandăr Stamboliyski


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 119-131
No. of Pages: 13
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The study investigates the Bulgarian-Romanian relations based primarily on the Bulgarian works and analyses especially on the theses of the Bulgarian historiography. The territorial modifications after the Bucharest Treaty of 1913, the lack of confidence and the diplomatic tensions framed the beginning of interwar Bulgaria’s relations with Romania. Prime Minister Stamboliyski took actions to enhance Bulgarians’ relations with the neighboring and Western countries. Stamboliyski’s visits to Romania were part and parcel of the efforts the Agrarian government undertook to improve the international standing of the country after the defeat suffered during the First World War. On the other hand, the Agrarian leader pursued two other objectives: to have a closer relationship with the Peasant Party of Romania in order to establish a Green International and a project of dynastic inter-marriage binding the Royal House of Romania and that of Bulgaria.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Considerations regarding Romania’s consulates in Poland in the interwar period


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 122-135
No. of Pages: 14
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: In the current study, I analyze a topic less approached by Romanian researchers so far, such as the organization of the consular network of Romania in Poland between the two World Wars. I have chosen this topic as a result of my preoccupation with the analysis of the way in which the diplomatic missions and consular offices of Romania were organized and run in the interwar period. I start from the premise that a better knowledge of the institutional architecture of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and of the diplomatic and consular missions can help better our understanding of the way in which the Romanian diplomacy acted between the two World Wars. In the present case, the investigation on the foundation, functioning and dissolution of Romania’s career and honorary consulates on the territory of Poland represents an indicator that captures, from this angle, the complexity of the relations between the two neighbouring states. I am not only interested in the political, economic or cultural elements of the functioning of the Romanian consular network in Poland, but also in the human factor. We are interested in seeing, for instance, who the Romanian career consuls were (Warsaw, Lwów), as well as those who guaranteed the honorary consulates of Romania (Łódź, Wilno, Katowice etc.) and their relations to the diplomatic mission of Romania in Warsaw.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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