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maneuvers Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies


The Soviet-Romanian military relations in the late 1970s and early 1980s

Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 74-96
No. of Pages: 23
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: After the crisis from Czechoslovakia (August 1968), the Romanian authorities had never publicly pronounced in favour of Romania’s leaving the Warsaw Treaty Organisation. Nicolae Ceauşescu and the generals of the Romanian Army considered the military preparations taking place within the Warsaw Treaty Organisation had to go on, but they made an attempt to impose certain limits, among which the most important referred to the regulation, based on normative documents of international character and to common interest, of certain issues pertaining to the transit and cross-country of the national territory by troops of the allied states, as well as the regulation concerning the participation of national armies to military applications in other countries of the Warsaw Treaty Organisation by signing bi-lateral and multilateral conventions. The signing of the Final Act in Helsinki couldn’t determine a limit to arming within Europe. The authorities from Moscow ordered the installing of SS-20 nuclear missiles in GDR and Czechoslovakia and tried to introduce new superior types of conventional armament within WTO’s armies. After a period of time, Nicolae Ceausescu took a disputed decision and he announced Leonid Brezhnev that Romania could not agree with the Soviet military plans for replacing the old conventional arsenal with a new one (Moscow, November 1978). That decision was very important for the Romanian economy but for WTO’s powerful was a bad idea. After the earthquake (March 4, 1977), the Romanian economy was much weakened and Nicolae Ceausescu didn’t have financial resources for rebuilding and developing the Romanian economy but besides that he wanted to realise important infrastructure objectives without the economic and know-how assistance from abroad (e.g. ’Danube – Black Sea’ and ’Bucharest – Danube’ Channels). Furthermore, Nicolae Ceausescu opposed to Moscow’s military proposals though he endangered the strategic goals of the military and political alliance to which Romania had already been involved.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET

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