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Hungary Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies
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Hungary

Windows to Horthy’s Hungary. Hungary’s Political Image in Finnish Literature of the Interwar Period


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 7-23
No. of Pages: 17
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The paper describes the image of interwar Hungary in the Finnish literature. The kinship of the two countries and the territorial losses which Hungary had experienced after World War I have inspired many Finnish authors writing about Hungary.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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About the Idea of “Transylvanianism”


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 7-16
No. of Pages: 10
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: After the Paris Peace Conference sanctioned the new political and state realities in Central Europe, Hungary embarked upon a perilous program aimed to “revise” the provisions laid down by the Trianon Peace Treaty (4 June 1920) and to restore the medieval borders of the “St. Stephen’s Crown”. Revisionism came out not only as a foreign policy objective but also as a keynote of the social-political system in inter-war Hungary, active in all state activities, embraced by the quasi-totality of the Hungarian society and which gained precedence over any other commandments or principles, be them moral or whatever. Revisionism grew into a real national obsession which disregarded any critical approach.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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National Controversies beneath Stalinist Uniformity. The Issue of Transylvania in the Romanian-Hungarian Communist Debates


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 53-66
No. of Pages: 14
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The following document will describe relevant aspects regarding the relations among “peoples’ democracies” during the Stalinist period (1948-1953). Although their degree of autonomy was severely reduced due to Soviet pressures, certain enmities did persist, in spite of the so-called “uniformity”. The traditional Romanian-Hungarian conflict over Transylvania resurfaced after 1947. The Communist regimes in power continued the rivalry over this territory, bringing new arguments which were in accordance with the political environment. The Hungarians used internationalist arguments in order to justify their interest in the situation of the Hungarian minority in Romania. On the other hand, the Romanian communists used the anti-cosmopolitan rhetoric of the time in order to reject any interference from Budapest.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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