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Germany Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies
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Germany

Foreign policy and national interest. The Danish-German relations between the two World Wars


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 111-120
No. of Pages: 1
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Denmark’s security policy during the two great world wars can be characterised as a policy of adaptation vis-à-vis Germany. This policy included a sceptical attitude toward Danish military capability and a recognition of the limitations of small states. According to this interpretation, foreign policies, as well as defence policy, were subordinated to adaptation. The main problem for Denmark was to assure the compatibility of the two concepts of neutrality and collective security within the League of Nations. Denmark was conducting a very careful foreign policy trying to avoid anything that might cause displeasure in Germany and increase the danger of a German attack. Its policy at the League of Nations was greatly influenced by its position as a tiny neighbour of Germany. This explains why Denmark refused to participate in sanctions policy and avoided to condemn any German actions even in the case when its interests were deeply affected.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Kari Alenius, Compromise solutions through careful considerations. The development of national minorities in Germany, 1918-1919


Language: English
Subject(s): Review
Page Range: 189-191
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The book bearing the signature of Kari Alenius stands out as the most remarkable monograph analyzing the circumstances and the mental and legal framework behind the elevation of the status of minorities in Germany and its lands at the end of First World War and beginning of the interwar period. The soundness of methods, the fineness of analysis, the depth of research and the attention paid to details turns it into an example of excellence in research and a guide for future studies on similar topics.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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Nicolae Petrescu-Comnen and the Romanian-German Relations in 1928


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 137-149
No. of Pages: 13
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: 1928 was an important year for Romanian-German relations. It was the year when the agreement settling the economic dispute between the two countries was signed, opening the way for the German participation in the endeavours meant to stabilize the Romanian currency, leu, and the foreign loan the Romanian authorities wanted to obtain. However, our study focuses on how Nicolae Petrescu-Comnen, the new Minister Plenipotentiary of Romania in Berlin, sought to address the diplomatic cooperation with the German authorities, who, at first, regarded him with scepticism. During 1928, Comnen tried to improve Romania’s image in the German media, creating a press office and initiating contacts with the main German news agencies and newspapers. For him, this element was essential as it would help loosen the relations between Bucharest and Berlin. In the summer of 1928, when negotiations were in deadlock, Comnen proposed a set of measures to revive discussions. He was of the opinion that the Romanian state should not miss once again the chance to solve old disputes with Germany, which would have allowed the initiation of a stronger economic cooperation between the two countries. Although Comnen was not part of the negotiating team, his relations with the German politicians and bankers and his expertise in German policy have contributed to the success of the negotiations. The signing of the Romanian-German agreement on November 10 is therefore the result of the diplomatic activity of the Romanian ambassador in Berlin.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Military Operations with Strategic Impact. The Battle of Berlin (April – May 1945)


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 58-73
No. of Pages: 16
Keywords: , , , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Throughout the entirety of military operations carried out during the Second World War, the Battle of Berlin (April 16 – May 2, 1945) provided a special meaning for all combatants: for the United Nations (Western Allies and the Soviet Union) it was the ultimate price for a costly and, until then, highly desired victory, while for the German Reich, it marked the end of an illusion. Furthermore, the conquest of Berlin, despite the inter-ally agreements regarding the postwar management of the German territory, could influence a behavioral review from one or several of the Allies. The capture of a bridge across the Rhine, in Remagen, on March 7, 1945, by the soldiers of the 9th American Tank Division, caused a poignant response within the Soviet General Headquarters (STAVKA) and amplified the concerns of generalissimo Stalin regarding the honesty of Western Allies. The manner in which the Red Army decided to take Berlin, as well as its temporary abandonment by the Western Allies, represents one of the most distressing episodes of inter-allied history and, furthermore, it would alter the evolution of relations between the Western Allies and the Soviet Union in the perspective of what was to be the Cold War.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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