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détente Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

détente

The art of compromise in diplomacy. A case study: the talks between Ceauşescu and Brezhnev during the Warsaw Treaty Organization Political Committee


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 99-111
No. of Pages: 13
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: By the beginning of the 1960s, Romania gradually left the homogeneous camp of socialist countries and, as a consequence, the country would be isolated to some extent from the ‘fraternal’ countries. Therefore, Romania had to consolidate its relations with the Western states. On the other hand, Soviet Union would permanently seek and use all possible means to bring Romania back under obedience. It is here where our articles aims at challenging some assumptions and provide some fresh explanations on the Soviet-Romanian relations. While being beyond the aims of this article to provide a complete analysis of such a complex phenomenon, it however intends to reveal some new, interesting elements, indispensable to the analysis, and to raise some questions that need further research.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The Romanian-Hungarian bilateral relations during the long year 1968


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 51-72
No. of Pages: 22
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: During the communist period, the relations between Romania and Hungary have been influenced or determined by their particular role within the communist East-European system, especially by their relations with the USSR. The main characteristic of these relations is their continuous evolution under the influence of the international context, on the one hand, and under the influence of their traditional problems, on the other hand. The year 1968 was a special moment in the Romanian-Hungarian relations, especially political relations. Different events, starting with the Meeting in Budapest and finishing with the Czech events, showed that the political relations between Hungary and Romania were becoming tenser. Despite this, the two parts tried to continue and develop the bilateral economic and cultural relations between them. But the influence of the politics over these aspects was very deep and often the political disagreements stopped any progresses. This article aims to detail the complex picture offered by this issue and to present the main characteristics of the Romanian-Hungarian bilateral relations during the year 1968, the main disputes, old or new, between the two socialist countries in their bilateral relations, their main problems of disagreement and the way in which the negotiations were held. Its purpose is not to repeat the well known positions of Romania and Hungary about the political events of the year 1968, but to connect these events and their consequences to the bilateral Romanian-Hungarian relations, judging the facts in the light offered by some new Romanian archive materials.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Reshaping foreign policy. Romania and Finland’s cases in the context of the CSCE’s opening. A comparative analysis


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 57-74
No. of Pages: 18
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: In the 1960s the West-East relations entered on the road of relaxation and détente. This is the context that permitted the organizing and opening of the CSCE. This is also the context that witnessed the foreign policy reorientation in Finland and Romania, later in Finland, earlier in Romania. Finland’s attitude towards the idea of opening a European security conference changed in time, while Romania had a clear position in supporting the CSCE quite from the beginning. This paper will summarize, comparatively, Romania and Finland’s doctrines of foreign policy for the period 1964-1973, interested in identifying and analyzing the foreign policy doctrines of Romania and Finland in the context of the CSCE preparation, the main question of the study being “what is the relations between Romania and Finland’s foreign policy doctrines and the opening of the CSCE”.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The outlook of Romanian-Canadian diplomatic relations through international organizations


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 175-187
No. of Pages: 13
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This article aims to show the outstanding role played by the international organizations in the early years of the Romanian-Canadian relations, especially in the diplomatic field but also in the economic and cultural ones. The two countries, placed after The Second World War in different ideological areas were in many occasions aware that they had many common interests on international policy. But to reach this level of proficiency Romania and Canada needed a number of tools that could be supported by the two superpowers. Therefore the international organizations became these tools and among them have distinguished the United Nations with its series of committees, bodies and programs, and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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