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democratic consolidation Archives – Valahian Journal of Historical Studies
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democratic consolidation

Postcommunisme et Consolidation Démocratique. Repères de la Transition de Bulgarie vers la Démocratie


Language: French
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Page Range: 159-174
No. of Pages: 16
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Since the fall of communism, Bulgaria managed to consolidate a democratic political system, with a stable parliament, an active civil society and media free from political influence. A series of presidential, parliamentary and local elections took place in this period; these elections were free, correct and without major problems. Considerable progresses have been made in applying the principles of the rule of law, but there are still many efforts to be made in this direction. The main goal of this article is to highlight Bulgaria’s way of facing transition and overcoming this complex process. In addition to that, this analysis emphasizes some aspects of this country’s recent political evolutions, with an accent on the electoral process, which speeded the acquirement of a much desired statute: consolidated democracy.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Do Eastern Europeans Still Believe in the European Union? An Analysis of People’s Trust in European Institutions in Romania


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 97-117
No. of Pages: 21
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Most of the Eurobarometers since before the European Union enlargement from 2004 and 2007 indicated increased values of trust in the European institutions from the citizens of the 12 countries that prepared themselves for the admission at that time. The transition from the communist regimes to democracy proved to be a difficult process in many of the Eastern Europe countries, a process that not only put pressure on those countries’ social and economic reforms, but also changed the perception of their citizens towards the European institutions and politics. Romania is one of the Eastern European countries where the “attraction” for all that is “European” was, for years, an intense attitude. Romanians were, before the admission in the EU, very confident in the European project and had, most of them, a positive attitude towards their country’s integration in the EU. One of the reasons that were used most frequently was the hope that the EU institutions would succeed in implementing the politics and the reforms that the national institutions failed to, in order to gain the so much desired statute of stable and consolidated democracy. A few years after the admission in the “European family”, Romanians display an increased trust in the European values and principles, but most of all, in the European institutions. Our paper will try to analyze the possible grounds for this trust and interest in – to use a general term – “Europe”, by relating to two types of variables: on the one hand, the impact of the European institutions in the Romanian society and the citizens’ perceptions about it and, on the other hand, the instability of the Romanian political and economic system.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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