culture

Un cas d’enracinement dans la terre française – Anna de Noailles


Language: French
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 121-125
No. of Pages: 5
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This paper approaches the integration of Anna de Noailles, a writer of mixed Romanian-Greek origins, into the landscape of French spirituality, which is studied as a case-study.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Review: Iolanda Ţighiliu and Marian Cojoc, eds. Dobrudja: a cross cultural pool. A multi-ethnic space (Târgovişte: Cetatea de Scaun, 2007), 204 pp.


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 123-125
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Coinciding with Romania’s integration in the European Union and with the EU’s search for combining regional, national and cross-border identities in creating one of the richest and most diverse of world’s cultural spaces, the publication of a book dedicated to Dobrudja and to its diverse ethnic landscape constitutes a fortunate accident. A peripheral part and ‘border zone of the Roman Empire, of the Byzantine Empire, of the feudal state of Wallachia, and of the Ottoman Empire’, to which I can add a springboard of the Ancient Greeks against the barbarians, who first entered in the history of mankind as a place of exile for Publius Ovidius Naso, this region, situated on the western coast of the Black Sea, is the cradle of a remarkably diverse civilization, a real Europe in miniature. To give an account of this diversity, we can quote a statistic of 1880, which found that out of the 157,114 Dobrudjan inhabitants, 51,915 were Romanians, 29,643 Bulgarians, 45,902 Muslims (Tartars and Turks), 17,708 Russians and Lipovens, 4,271 Greeks, 2,763 Germans, 1,135 Jews, 935 Armenians, 2,842 other nationalities. Moreover, the region is an important strategic region, commanding the control over the mouths of the Danube and the western Black Sea.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Melvyn P. Leffler, For the Soul of Mankind. The United States, the Soviet Union and the Cold War (New York: Hill and Wang, 2007).


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 115-117
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: One of the new approaches in the Cold War studies is the importance given to the role of ideology and culture in analyzing the decision-making process, the term ideology being largely interpreted, not only in the sense of political ideology, but also in the sense of perceptions of threats, selection of friends, evaluation of opportunities, historical memories, “ideas, norms and values”, “world view”, what people think or what meaning people gave to different things. Leffler’s book is a part of the new Cold War history, bringing new data from the Soviet and American archives and in the same time a new and fresh approach and interpretation.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Social-Democracy and Culture. From Marxism to Post-Marxism


Language: English
Subject(s): Review
Page Range: 163-164
No. of Pages: 2
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Alexandru Mamina’s work is a pioneering approach in the assemble of Romanian historical and political science writings about Social-Democracy and must be regarded with the highest intellectual satisfaction.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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The beginning of cultural diplomacy in Romanian-American relations, after Romania’s admission to the United Nations


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 133-154
No. of Pages: 22
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The way in which the cultural Romanian-American exchanges developed after Romania joined the United Nations Organization as part of the East-West relations was only a politically controlled phenomenon. Especially in Bucharest, but also in Washington, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the State Department approved certain cultural activities and rejected others. As both parts were very wary about keeping a certain political balance, the Romanian and American governments filtered the cultural actions and only approved the ones which suited their interests and did not endanger their own value system. Thus we can affirm that the Romanian cultural influence in American society or the American influence in Romanian society were both minimal. Films, exhibitions, music evenings and other cultural events were seen as curious attractions by the other country. But they received the distinction of being moments of real political effort to relax the bilateral political relations. The contacts were not that often as to create real cultural bridges between the two nations, but they were useful especially for reducing political tensions.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Shared Culture, Peace and Bridging: Western Influences on the Dissident Idea of Central Europe in the Communist States during the 1980s


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 215-232
No. of Pages: 18
Keywords: , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The debate on the idea of Central Europe that emerged within the dissident intellectual circles from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland has been vastly discussed from a historical, political, sociological, or economical perspective. This paper suggests and analysis on how different themes used by intellectuals from the Federal Republic of Germany and Austria have penetrated the Central European dissident ideas and have contributed to the appearance of a specific manner of thought. We argue here that the ideas of Central Europe emerging from West-Germany and Austria have been extremely influential on the dissident intellectuals from the Communist states and have given them an efficient tool to challenge the official political system. We will focus our study on specific themes that derive from literary, biographic, or essayistic works that are relevant to our discussion, as well as secondary literature on this subject.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The Culture of War. From the Sources of War to the Concept of War


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 6-24
No. of Pages: 19
Keywords: , , , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The incentive for this paper is the lack of a clear distinction between war and crime. This implies that a profound theoretically defined concept of war is necessary in order for war to be definitely differed from crime. The author maintains that the culture of war is necessary way to separate the war from crime. In order to associate culture to war, one is supposed to find out a denominator which they share in common. The common denominator of culture and politics (security, war etc.) is land/territory/soil. An etymological analysis is provided in order to support the premise. Culture etymologically means the cultivation of land. Politics, originally meaning the ‘wall’, is the fencing and distribution of land, and therefore the struggle for land. This implies that politics (including war) is just a special form of culture. The war is to be cultivated in order to prevent its deviation into a crime. Paper provides the historical account of culture of land distribution. The account includes the cases of ancient Greece’s deme, ancient Rome’s ager publicus, Byzantine’s pronia system, Ottomans’ timar system, etc. The author starts his analysis of the war with the sources of war: conflict relationship, aggressiveness and security. The culture of war asserts to begin from the sources of war. This view finds strong support in Aristotle’s concept of the virtue of courage which is defined by fear. The novelty of this paper is the author’s concept of the culture of fear which is to replace currently ruling culture of unlimited courage as the cause of crime. The culture of fear is the most appropriate device thwarting the deviation of war into a crime. Article concludes with the concept of war, also relied on Aristotle’s view, which is defined by its purpose – peace.
Open access on CEEOL: NOT YET



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