communism

In the shadow of Moscow: Romania and the Suez Crisis


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 784-89
No. of Pages: 6
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The Suez Crisis has posed to Romania a challenge as the country was forced to take sides in the context of the Cold War. Broadly speaking, the country joined in the Soviet propaganda against the capitalist perpatrators of acts of aggression and supported the Egyptian decisions.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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Katalin Miklossy, Manouvres of National Interest-Internationalism and nationalism in the emerging Kadarist criticism of Romania,1968-1972


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 81-83
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: Katalin Miklossy is a researcher at the University of Helsinki since 1998. Her field of research is the contemporary political history of East-Central Europe. Conceived as a doctoral thesis, her work is a confessed analysis of the phenomenon called by the 1990s media ‘the new nationalism’, a typical phenomenon for the post communist countries. Nationalism and the ‘present ethnic conflict’, Katalin Miklossy acknowledges, cannot be understood without the identification of the roots of this phenomenon, which, in her opinion, appeared in the middle of the socialist era on the basis laid by Romanian and Hungarian political leaders. The book is also an attempt to describe and analyze the impact of the Hungarians’ anti-Romanian attitude on the bilateral relations.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Ruxandra Cesereanu, Comunism şi represiune. Istoria tematică a unui fratricid naţional (Iaşi: Polirom, 2006).


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 141-143
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: The publishing house Polirom has focused two of its editorial programs on the recent history of Romania and, consequently, Ruxandra Cesereanu’s fits well into this editorial policy. Moreover, Cesereanu’s work is, in a certain sense, a reflection of everything that has been written about communism in Romania so far. The coordinator of the work confesses: “this volume presents and scans the nucleuses specific for the Communism manifestation and repression in Romania.” The themes tackled on this work envisage: the context of the development of communism in the 1940s, the collectivization, the penitentiary system, the security, the deportation, the torture and the persecution of the regime’s opponents and dissidents, the censorship, the social anticommunist movements from 1977 and 1987, the church during the communism, the personality cult.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Consiliul Naţional pentru Studierea Arhivelor Securităţii, “Partiturile” Securităţii. Directive, ordine, instrucţiuni (Bucureşti:Nemira, 2007)


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 153-155
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: The score” of the Securitate. Directives, dispositions, instructions (1947-1987) is booked on the list of the works concerning the Securitate, published by the Romanian Council for Studying the Securitate Archives (CNSAS). This time, Silviu B. Moldovan, Cristina Anisescu and Mirela Matiu offer us the texts of some directives, dispositions and instructions, “texts of repression”, which justified the actions of the dominant group (Securitate agents, militiamen, party activists, investigators, public prosecutors, and, at the inferior limit, informers) and ideologically confirmed the indissoluble connection between the communist Party and the Securitate. All documents presented in this volume have had a secret and internal character, they have been addressed to the Securitate cadres with the aim to instruct them and to create the conditions which to make the repression possible.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The five who scared… America, too. The immediate effects of the attempt in Bern (1955) over the Romanian diplomacy


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 41-50
No. of Pages: 10
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The Bern attempt was a unique event in the history of young RPR and it caused exaggerated fears among communist leaders. On one hand, the Romanian communist regime considered that the Western secret services had worked together with the aim proving Moscow’s upper hand on the Eastern popular democracies. On the other hand, February 1955 represented the date when the external Romanian resistance, in its various forms, passed from parlor opposition to a violent action marked by heroic symbolism. The Romanian refugees in the West showed that they were able to take special responsibilities and bring the name of the communist government from Bucharest to the attention of the whole world. On a medium and long term, the Bern attempt had somber consequences over the Romanian diplomacy. Those engaged in the activity of external agencies of Romania were placed under the Securitate (secret service) control for the rest of their lives. Theoretically, such an attempt should not have happened again and the prevention was assured by a secret service that was working with brutal methods. In order to prevent that kind of events recurring, the Legations and embassies of the R.P.R. undertook an enormous load of informative work, surveillance, infiltration, and terrorizing of the Romanian immigrants in the West.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Stephane Courtois, Dicţionarul comunismului


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 115-116
No. of Pages: 2
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The book gathers contributions of a team of researchers who have benefited from the declassification of some parts of the ex-communist states archives. The diversity of their scientific expertise ensures the approach of communism not only from a historical perspective. The coordinator, Stephane Courtois, is an expert in this field and keeps a closed contact with the ex-communist countries. He acts in Romania as a rector of Sighet School and he also deals with the problems of the Romanian scientific research in the field of communist. As a result of his and his team research, several dimensions of communism were investigated: the political, economical, cultural and social dimension.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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Liviu Rotman, Evreii din România în perioada comunistă 1944-1964


Language: French
Subject(s): Jewish studies
Page Range: 117-118
No. of Pages: 2
Keywords: , ,
Summary/Abstract: The problem of minorities in Romania during the installation of the communist regime has preoccupied many historians. Liviu Rotman is one of the most experienced specialists in the field of the history of Jews in Romania, he was especially concerned about the socio-professional and educational this minority. The volume The Jews of Romania during the Communist period 1944-1965 is well constructed, dense data and facts from that era.
Open access on CEEOL: YES



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Allied Discords: Some Considerations Regarding the Overthrow of the Rădescu Government


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 125-135
No. of Pages: 11
Keywords: , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The author discloses British sources to demonstrate the efforts of the Foreign Office and the British representatives in Bucharest to stop the seizure of power by a Communist Government. Soviet, American and British representatives participated to the Allied Control Commission of Romania, headed by Soviets; this provided the British a clear view of Soviet interferences. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden even though instructed British representatives in Bucharest to support Soviets due to the common war efforts, hoped to avoid the inevitable until the end of February when Soviet Union decided to impose a pro-Soviet Government despite his attempts to discuss the matter with Soviets on the terms provided by the recent Declaration on Liberated Europe, issued at Yalta. The Soviet Union succeeded in imposing the fall of the Rădescu Government because the Red Army had occupied Romania and British and United States Governments had no real means to support the cause of a neutral Romanian Government.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The beginning of cultural diplomacy in Romanian-American relations, after Romania’s admission to the United Nations


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 133-154
No. of Pages: 22
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The way in which the cultural Romanian-American exchanges developed after Romania joined the United Nations Organization as part of the East-West relations was only a politically controlled phenomenon. Especially in Bucharest, but also in Washington, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the State Department approved certain cultural activities and rejected others. As both parts were very wary about keeping a certain political balance, the Romanian and American governments filtered the cultural actions and only approved the ones which suited their interests and did not endanger their own value system. Thus we can affirm that the Romanian cultural influence in American society or the American influence in Romanian society were both minimal. Films, exhibitions, music evenings and other cultural events were seen as curious attractions by the other country. But they received the distinction of being moments of real political effort to relax the bilateral political relations. The contacts were not that often as to create real cultural bridges between the two nations, but they were useful especially for reducing political tensions.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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