Central Europe

Intérêts et images, La France et l’Europe médiane au 20ème siècle


Language: French
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 5-16
No. of Pages: 12
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Dans le cadre de ce numéro du VJHS, il serait illusoire de chercher à étudier l’ensemble de la question posée par les relations entre la France et les peuples d’Europe médiane au 20ème siècle. Le titre de ce numéro doit donc être entendu comme un cadre général, dans lequel les contributions rassemblées forment autant de petites touches illustrant différents aspects de la relation entre la France et l’Europe médiane. Loin de l’envisager dans toute son étendue temporelle ou géographique, on essaie donc ici de présenter quelques éléments de ce tableau vaste et complexe. Fidèle à sa volonté de permettre à des jeunes chercheurs de publier, le VJHS met également en avant des travaux issus de thèses récentes (Isabelle Davion, Traian Sandu, Sophie Vilks-Battaia…) ou en cours d’élaboration (Frédéric Clavert). Ces contributions donnent une image des relations entre France et Europe médiane très
complexe.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Exploring New Routes for The American Trade in Levant, Central and South-Eastern Europe up to 1850


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 67-78
No. of Pages: 12
Keywords: , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The new independent status of the American colonies following their war with England created, after 1783 the need for settling an American trade of its own, exploring for new opportunities and markets. The Mediterranean Sea was one of these new trade directions for the young American trade and Levant, the Central and South-Eastern Europe were to be discovered as potentially promising regions for expanding this trade. The first trade exchanges, the merchandises traded and the official contacts aiming at encouraging these exchanges as far as to the Black Sea and Danube region were all significant for the specific character of this new trade in the area under observation. By 1850 one can say that the American trade was already an obvious reality in the region and seemed to find its own path, indicating enough vigor to expand even further.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Shared Culture, Peace and Bridging: Western Influences on the Dissident Idea of Central Europe in the Communist States during the 1980s


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 215-232
No. of Pages: 18
Keywords: , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The debate on the idea of Central Europe that emerged within the dissident intellectual circles from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland has been vastly discussed from a historical, political, sociological, or economical perspective. This paper suggests and analysis on how different themes used by intellectuals from the Federal Republic of Germany and Austria have penetrated the Central European dissident ideas and have contributed to the appearance of a specific manner of thought. We argue here that the ideas of Central Europe emerging from West-Germany and Austria have been extremely influential on the dissident intellectuals from the Communist states and have given them an efficient tool to challenge the official political system. We will focus our study on specific themes that derive from literary, biographic, or essayistic works that are relevant to our discussion, as well as secondary literature on this subject.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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