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Radu Bruja, Author at Valahian Journal of Historical Studies

Radu Bruja

Traian Brăileanu – life marks of a legionary ideologist


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 139-149
No. of Pages: 11
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Traian Brăileanu (1882-1947) was professor at the University of Cernăuţi during the interwar period. With studies in Cernăuţi and Vienna, he was an important representative of Rumanian sociology. In 1919, he returned to Cernăuţi, where he became the holder of the Department of Ethics, Sociology and Policy chair. After a tour through various political parties, he entered at the end of the 1920s in the Legionary Movement. He encouraged the Romanian students to be actively involved in this movement by the magazines he sponsored “Iconar” and “Însemnări sociologice”, connected to the “Generation of 1922”. Brăileanu was an open partisan of the camps of work which he considered a means of educating the new man. Opinion leader in the Legionary Movement and an important pawn on the political scene in the 1930s, Brăileanu was considered an ideologist of the Iron Guard. After the authoritarian regime of Charles II, for the professor and the sociologist of Cernăuţi, the period September 1940 – January 1941 represented the climax of his political career. Unfortunately, this coincided with one of the most difficult moments in the history of Romania and with a black page of its existence – the National-Legionary State. Detained after January 23, 1941, released and again arrested, he was condemned to 20 years of prison and his fortune was confiscated; in 1946, he was imprisoned in Aiud by the Communists, where he died on October 3, 1947.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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The 1937 Elections in Bucovina


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 35-50
No. of Pages: 16
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: In December 1937 the last democratic elections were held in Romania, only to be followed by more than half a decade of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes. The elections recorded an important distinctiveness in a country where the governmental party has always managed to win majorities as defined by the 1926 electoral law the Liberal Party failed to gain the needed 40% of votes, while the biggest gains were made by the extreme right Legionnaire Movement. This study analyses the response of the electorate from the Bucovina province to the challenges of the Romanian society, i.e. the advance of the extreme rightwing parties and the worsening of the European political crisis. The article approaches the local and provincial elections, the general and particular trends, the special characteristics in the province’s cosmopolitan north. The electorate of Cernăuţi and Storojineţ was studied in terms of voting behavior of the minorities, e.g. the Ukrainians, Germans and Jews.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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