Oana Laculiceanu

Rebecca Haynes, Politica României faţă de Germania între 1936 şi 1940. trans. Cristina Aboboaie (Iaşi: Polirom, 2003)


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 119-122
No. of Pages: 4
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: Romania’s relations with Germany in the years preceding the Second World War are an important aspect of the Romanian history. Nevertheless, there has been little research on the Romanian policy towards Germany before the conflagration and the way the Romanian-German alliance was established. Rebecca Haynes offers a new perspective on the study of the Romanian-German relations in this period. The paper is the result of a laborious research based on the study of several archives documents and direct confessions. The author does not support the assertions of some historians according to which Romania was a victim of the Western Powers that sacrificed it in order to satisfy the German interests. In fact, the approaching to Germany was due to King Carol who was trying to get the German support against the revisionist powers.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Foreign policy and national interest. The Danish-German relations between the two World Wars


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 111-120
No. of Pages: 1
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: Denmark’s security policy during the two great world wars can be characterised as a policy of adaptation vis-à-vis Germany. This policy included a sceptical attitude toward Danish military capability and a recognition of the limitations of small states. According to this interpretation, foreign policies, as well as defence policy, were subordinated to adaptation. The main problem for Denmark was to assure the compatibility of the two concepts of neutrality and collective security within the League of Nations. Denmark was conducting a very careful foreign policy trying to avoid anything that might cause displeasure in Germany and increase the danger of a German attack. Its policy at the League of Nations was greatly influenced by its position as a tiny neighbour of Germany. This explains why Denmark refused to participate in sanctions policy and avoided to condemn any German actions even in the case when its interests were deeply affected.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Peter Calvocoressi, Europa de la Bismarck la Gorbaciov (Polirom : Iasi, 2006), 232 pp.


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 147-149
No. of Pages: 3
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: REVIEW: Peter Calvocoressi was a lecturer at Sussex University. He wrote „World Politics since 1945”, which is now at its 8th edition. He is considered one the most important contemporary historians. Polirom Publishing House published also some of his other works: “Break the lines. The Second World War and the post war Europe” (2000) and “Europe from Bismarck to Gorbachev”. Calvocoressi’s work is one of those extensive studies which evaluate the history of modern and contemporary Europe, from the last two centuries, tracking the line of the events that influenced the destiny of the continent. The main direction is given by the open or hidden conflicts between the great powers, from the two World Wars up to the Cold War. The book is structured on three sections.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Review: Markku Kangaspuro, Constructed Identities in Europe (Helsinki: Aleksanteri Series, 7/2007), 272 pp.


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 119-122
No. of Pages: 4
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This volume is the result of a research project entitled “Constructing new identities in transforming Europe enlargement and integration: are they compatible?” developed by Aleksanteri Instutite from the University of Helsinki and coordinated by Dr. Markku Kangaspuro. The articles which compose the volume have been written by selected participants to the 7th Aleksanteri Conference of October 2006. The title of the volume resounds the above mentioned research project.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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Joachim Lund and Peter Ohrgaard (eds.), Return to normalcy or a new beginning – concepts and expectations for a post war Europe around 1945


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 111-114
No. of Pages: 4
Keywords: , , ,
Summary/Abstract: This book gathers the contributions to the Conference “1945-Return to normalcy or a new beginning – concepts and expectations for a post war Europe around 1945”, hosted by Copenhagen Business School in 2006. The contributions show the changes underwent by different European states after the turning point that the year 1945 has represented in Europe’s history. The main dilemma that European countries were facing was whether after 1945 Europe would relapse into national isolationism or new ways of trans-national cooperation will evolve. An important unifying element for the European countries after the Second World War was their efforts for economic reconstruction. These efforts had the support of the US who realized that its welfare was depending on Europe’s economic stability. If most of the analysts of the post-war period tended to emphasize the US’s role in European economic reconstruction, Patricia Clavin signals the role played by European institutions like the League of Nations which laid the basis for European economic planning that played an essential role for the economic reconstruction in the post war time.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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