Kari Alenius

Cold War propaganda getting started. Soviet rhetoric in the UN Security Council during the Iran Crisis of 1946


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 143-162
No. of Pages: 20
Keywords: , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The need for propaganda becomes more prominent at the time of wars and other crises. During the early Cold War, the United Nations Security Council was an important arena of Great Power politics where the general aims of diplomats was to strengthen the morale of one’s own side, undermine the morale of counterparts, and perhaps above all, have neutral parties support one’s political efforts – or at least prevent them from supporting enemy efforts. The focus here is on Soviet propaganda during the Iran Crisis of 1946, which was the first case the newly constituted Security Council was faced with. When considered on the whole, the Soviet delegates’ speeches were built upon a quite clear-cut narrative plot which followed the composition of the good-versus-evil classic fairy tale. In the creation of this, the choice of methods was rather broad.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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“When in Rome do as the Romans”. Immigration in Scandinavian Right-wing Populist Programs


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 43-64
No. of Pages: 22
Keywords: , , , , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: The article focuses on the immigration policy of Scandinavian right-wing populist parties. A comparative analysis is made of the official platforms of the Danish Peoples Party, the Progress Party (Norway), the Sweden Democrats and the True Finns, the research aim being to find out what is common and what is special in the programs, and why this is the case. Examining the topic as a whole, it can be concluded that the immigration policies of Nordic right-wing populist parties differ from each other relatively little. The similarity between Scandinavian societies, also in the immigration situation, has also likely been guiding the political parties examined here towards quite similar immigration policy programs.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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“An Excellent Friend Afflicted with Internal Difficulties”: The Image of Romania Conveyed by the Finnish Embassy in Bucharest, 1939-1945


Language: English
Subject(s): History
Page Range: 21-33
No. of Pages: 13
Keywords: , , , , ,
Summary/Abstract: How people perceive their environment has a crucial role in all decisions they make. This is true in the relations between nations and countries, too. It can also be argued that mental images as such form an important part in all human interaction. This paper analyzes the image of Romania that was created and conveyed by the Finnish embassy in Bucharest during the Second World War. The Second World War was a turning point in Finnish-Romanian relations. The Finnish embassy was established in Bucharest in late 1939, and as a consequence of the war Finland and Romania – as co-belligerents – clearly became more important to each other than ever before. Existing common knowledge of Romania was relatively scarce in Finland, so Finnish envoys had a good chance in affecting perceptions of Romania among leading Finnish political circles. This analysis focuses on the main elements of this image, as well as the overall image of Romania that was conveyed to Finland through diplomatic material created by the embassy in Bucharest. The main task in this analysis is to explain the composition of the image – why it was exactly as it was. It can be seen that the image of Romania was created not only on the basis of domestic features and bilateral factors but also on the basis of larger cultural and political views and aims.
Open access on CEEOL: NO



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